EFFICACY OF GRAPHIC ORGANIZER ON PRIMARY SCHOOL STUDENTS’ PERFORMANCE IN COGNITIVE WRITING SKILLS

Michael Olubunmi ODEWUMI, Amosa Isiaka GAMBARI, Tayo Abass BADA

Abstract


This study investigated the efficacy of graphic organizer on junior secondary school students’ cognitive writing development skills. The study also determined the influence of school type and gender on the performance of students taught with graphic organizer (GO). The study was necessitated because of the problem of non-readable hand-writings of the pupils in junior secondary schools. The quasi-experimental design which involved the pre-test, post-test, control group design was employed for the study. The research sample was drawn from two randomly selected junior secondary schools from Ile-Ife, Oyo State, Nigeria. Students from the sampled class were further stratified along gender. The instruments used for collecting data were Graphic Organizer Achievement Test (GOAT) and the graphic organizer (GO). Graphic Organizer Achievement Test (GOAT) was pilot tested for reliability using the test-retest method of three weeks interval and Pearson Moment Product Correlation coefficient analysis revealed a reliability coefficient value of .78. The two hypotheses were tested using t-test. Findings indicated that, students taught with the graphic organizer performed better than those taught with conventional method. It was shown that the gender of pupils was not a factor in the performance of students when they were taught with Graphic Organizer. Based on the findings, it was recommended that teachers should used. Graphic Organizer in teaching Cultural and Creative Arts to enhance students’ performance.

Keywords: Graphic Organizers, Cognitive Writing Development, Public and Private Primary Schools, Gender, Cultural and Creative Arts


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